GCSE Topics Covered

Cell Biology

Animal and plant cells • Eukaryotes and prokaryotes • Cell specialisation and differentiation • Microscopy • Cell culture • Cell division • Transport in cells

Organisation Topics

Organisation principles • The human digestive system • The heart and blood vessels • Non-communicable disease (heart disease) • Health issues • Lifestyle effects of some non-communicable diseases • Cancer • Plant tissues • Organ system of plants 

Infection and Response Topics

Communicable (infectious) diseases • Viral diseases • Bacterial diseases • Fungal diseases • Protist diseases • Human defence systems • Vaccination • Antibiotics and painkillers • Discovery and development of drugs • Monoclonal antibodies • Plant disease

Bioenergetics Topics

•Photosynthesis reaction • Rate of photosynthesis • Glucose use from photosynthesis • Aerobic and anaerobic respiration • Response to exercise • Metabolism

Homeostasis and Response Topics

Structure and function of the human nervous system • The brain • The eye • Body temperature control • Hormonal coordination in humans • Maintaining water and nitrogen balance in the body • Hormones in human reproduction • Contraception • Infertility • Plant hormones

Inheritance, Variation and Evolution Topics

Sexual and asexual reproduction • Meiosis cell division • DNA structure and genome definition • Genetic inheritance • Inherited disorders • Sex determination • Variation and evolution • Selective breeding • Genetic engineering • Cloning • Understanding genetics • Fossils • Extinction • Resistant bacteria • Living organism classification

Ecology Topics

•Communities within ecosystems • Changes in ecosystems • Ecosystem adaptations • Organisation within ecosystems • How materials are cycled • Decomposition • Impact of environmental change • Biodiversity • Waste management • Land use • Deforestation • Global warming • Maintaining biodiversity • Pyramids of biomass • Food security • Farming techniques • Sustainable fisheries • Biotechnology